Return to list

French

Spanish

INDICATOR 3: Coping strategies Index (household asset base and coping ability)
Why this indicator? What will it measure and provide information for?
Developed by WFP and CARE, the Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with complex measures of food security. Indeed, affected households may use coping strategies to deal with a reduced ability to access food.Understanding the extent to which coping strategies are used can provide a quick indication of the level of food insecurity which is useful for programmatic decision-making. Coping strategies can also be used to measure the results/impact of humanitarian assistance which can be assessed through several indicators, including the reduced Coping Strategy Index, the Household Hunger Scale or similar hunger experience indicator. The CSI measures behavior change: the things that people do when they cannot access enough food. There are several fairly regular behavioral responses to food insecurity - or coping strategies - that people use to manage household food shortage. These coping strategies are easy to observe. It is quicker, simpler, and cheaper to collect information on coping strategies than on actual household food consumption levels.
What Sustainable Development Goal is the indicator connected to?
  • SDG Goal 2
Definitions and key terms
Coping Strategies Index (CSI): A tool that measures what people do when they cannot access enough food.
Data and information required to calculate the indicator
  • Behaviors applied to cover food and non-food items prior to the crisis under social, cultural, natural and economic context of the affected community/area
  • Behaviors applied to cover food and non-food items during the crisis under social, cultural, natural and economic context of the affected community/area
Data and information required to calculate the indicator

  • Primary data collection: household survey
  • Secondary data analysis.
  • For more information WFP
  • Qualitative methods like FGDs and KIIs should supplement the quantitative data collection to provide a better understanding of barriers to food access.
Possible data sources
  • Primary data collection: household survey
  • Secondary data analysis.
  • Food Security surveillance / early warning systems: IPC, cadre harmonize, etc.
  • Qualitative methods like FGDs and KIIs should supplement the quantitative data collection to provide a better understanding of barriers to food access.
Resources needed for data collection
The quantitative and qualitative data collection, storage and analysis should be conducted by CARE and partners. Partners may include research / university partners. Data collection needs to be included in the monitoring and evaluation plan and budgeted
Reporting results for this indicator: number of people for which the change happened
Changes in behavior to cover food and non-food items, especially the decrease in the use of
negative or non-reversible coping strategies as result of a humanitarian assistance
Questions for guiding the analysis and interpretation of data (explaining the how and why the change happened, and how CARE contributed to the change)
  • Reporting Purpose: þBaseline þProgress þ Evaluation
  • Baseline: what were the behaviors applied to cover food and non-food items gaps before the crisis? What are behaviors applied to cover food and non-food items gaps because of the crisis?
  • Progress: Have pre-crises behaviors been re-established?
  • Evaluation: Has providing humanitarian assistance triggered a decrease in the use of “negative or non-reversible” coping strategies?
Other considerations
  • Food access can be affected by several factors such as insecurity, market functionality, poverty, and social discrimination. Thus, qualitative data collection should be used to triangulate FCS score findings
  • Also, food availability and access is highly seasonal in developing countries, and more pronounced in fragile states. Therefore, diachronic FCS assessments should be carried out during the same period of the year to allow relevant data comparison over a period of time.